The National Assessment Program – Literacy and Numeracy (NAPLAN) assessments happen every year.

Students in Years 3, 5, 7 and 9 are tested on the fundamental literacy and numeracy skills that every child needs to succeed in school and beyond. NAPLAN is a national, consistent measure to determine whether or not students are meeting important educational outcomes.

For the most recent information about NAPLAN, including upcoming tests and resources for parents, students and schools, visit the NAP website.

ACARA believes the best preparation for NAPLAN is instruction in the literacy and numeracy content in the Australian Curriculum. We do not encourage excessive drilling or cramming.

The best way you can help your child prepare for NAPLAN is to reassure your child that NAPLAN tests are just one part of their school program:

  • Encourage your child to simply do the best they can on the day.
  • Avoid excessive cramming or coaching in the lead-up to NAPLAN
  • Speak to your child’s teacher if you have questions about how you can help your child prepare for NAPLAN.

If you want to help your child feel comfortable with the kinds of questions in a NAPLAN test, you can view past NAPLAN papers and answers for practice or visit the NAPLAN Online public demonstration site.

Access to NAPLAN test papers and answers

NAPLAN paper tests include multiple choice and constructed response item formats. Markers mark the items that are not multiple choice; these include spelling words, open-ended reading items and numeracy items that can be answered in different forms. Markers are trained to apply nationally agreed marking protocols and item-specific answer criteria.

A student’s raw score on a test (the number of questions answered correctly) is placed on a common scale so the results of different students can be compared. Score equivalence tables are used to convert these raw scores to NAPLAN scale scores.

For more information regarding NAPLAN results, visit the ‘Score equivalence tables’ page of the ‘Results and reports’ section on the NAP website.

ACARA does not provide access to the NAPLAN tests after 2016. These tests are used for a range of purposes, including ACARA’s research and development studies.

ACARA notes the decision of the Acting Information Commissioner, Timothy Pilgrim, in the Marty Ross decision in support of its position.


Parents and carers

ACARA supports parent/carer engagement with their children’s learning. You may be interested in information provided on the ‘Parent/carer support’ page of the NAP website and particularly, our messages:

  • The best way you can help your child prepare for NAPLAN is to reassure your child that NAPLAN tests are just one part of their school program, and to urge them to simply do the best they can on the day. The use of services by coaching providers is not recommended.
  • If you have any questions about your child’s preparation for NAPLAN, you should make a time to speak with their teacher.

We also note that each year ACARA updates the My School website with the prior year's NAPLAN data. My School provides information that supports national transparency and accountability of Australia’s school education system through publication of nationally consistent school-level data. It complements other reporting measures aimed at ensuring schools and school systems are accountable to parents and to the broader community.

Freedom of information

All the NAPLAN tests published on the National Assessment Program website have previously been released under the Freedom of Information Act 1982 (Cth) (FOI Act). The FOI Act gives you access to documents. It does not give you any copyright rights in relation to the documents that have been released (see section 91 of the FOI Act). For example, the FOI Act does not give you the right to publish or communicate (such as by uploading to an electronic platform) these tests.


Copyright information

In relation to all NAPLAN tests and NAPLAN answers published on the ACARA website, ACARA owns:

  • all the NAPLAN test questions;
  • some of the images (photographs and illustrations) in the NAPLAN tests;
  • some of the text in the reading magazines; and
  • all the NAPLAN answers.

Some images (photographs and illustrations) and some text included in the NAPLAN tests are owned by third parties, are in copyright and are licensed to ACARA.

Please also note:

  • You may download, print and copy all the test materials that ACARA owns only for your personal use. For the avoidance of doubt, this means, for example, that you do not have permission to email these test materials to friends or upload them to a website or other electronic platform.
  • You download, print and copy these materials at your own risk in relation to all third-party copyright materials included in the NAPLAN tests, unless a defense or other exception to copyright infringement applies. A relevant exception to copyright infringement is the fair dealing exception for the purposes of research or study. For more information, see Australian Copyright Council: Research or Study.

This means, for example, that you are not permitted to:

  • publish the NAPLAN test materials;
  • use these test materials in coaching clinics; or
  • upload these test materials to a website or other electronic platform, such as an app, regardless of whether or not the site is publicly accessible or password protected, for any commercial or non-commercial use.


Information for media

Under s.42 of the Copyright Act 1968 (Cth), there is an exception to copyright infringement for fair dealing for the purpose of reporting the news. For more information, see section 42 of the Copyright Act 1968 (Cth) (PDF 521 kb).

This exception would enable the media to create and publish excerpts of these tests for reporting the news, providing that this use falls within the fair dealing exception. What is fair dealing is determined on a case-by-case basis. However, the dealing must ultimately be ‘fair’ and this will depend in part on how much of the tests are published. As this involves a legal assessment, ACARA assumes that the media will obtain their own legal advice prior to publishing any part of these tests.