Key Performance Measures for Schooling in Australia

Key Performance Measures for Schooling in Australia
Key performance measures dataset
Notes and caveats

These data summarise the nationally agreed key performance measures (KPMs) for schooling specified in the Measurement Framework for Schooling in Australia.

The dashboard shows each available KPM for a selected calendar year (current calendar year), for the most recent previous year (previous calendar year) for which data are available, and a comparison evaluating the change in the measure between these two years.

Data are shown for Australia but may also be selected for individual states or territories or for particular demographics e.g. Indigenous students, male/female if available.

This information relates to Part 3 Measuring Performance of the National Report on Schooling in Australia.

Key performance measures dataset
Download the Key performance measures dataset


Notes and caveats

    • KPM 1(a) Enrolment - Proportion of children aged 6-15 years who are enrolled in school, sourced from the National Schools Statistics Collection, is no longer a reported key performance measure from 2019 onwards. This measure is reported every five years using Census of Population and Housing data. Please see notes and caveats to the Enrolment rates dataset.
    • KPM 1(b) and (c): Please see notes and caveats to the Student attendance dataset.
    • KPM 1(b): For 2014-2017, NSW government school data were not collected on a comparable basis with other states and territories. Therefore, comparisons with other jurisdictions should be made with caution for these years.
    • KPM 1(c): Data on student attendance levels could not be collected for NSW government schools prior to 2018. As a result, the level of attendance (KPM 1(c)) reported for NSW for 2015-2017 is for non-government school students only. The omission of NSW government school data also affects the national KPM for all schools and for the government sector for 2015-2017. The inclusion of NSW government school data from 2018 results in a break in time series in this KPM for NSW and for Australia. Statistical comparisons for NSW and for Australia cannot be made between 2017 and 2018, and these are therefore shown as "N/A". There is no break in this time series for other states and territories.
    • KPM 1(c): Prior to 2016, non-government school attendance level data were calculated according to a different method (based on 'headcounts' of students attending more than 90 per cent of the time) and therefore comparisons should be made with caution.
    • KPM 1(b) and (c): ACT government school data for 2018 and 2019 have been derived from a school administration system in the process of implementation. Care should be taken when comparing these data with data from previous years and from other jurisdictions.
    • KPM 1(e): The ABS publishes both capped apparent retention rates, which are capped at 100 per cent, and uncapped apparent retention rates. This report publishes uncapped rates.
    • KPM 1(g), 1(h), 1(i), 7(a), 7(b): Annual measures for these KPMs use data from the ABS Survey of Education and Work. Data from the five-yearly Census of Population and Housing are also reported for Census years. Please see the notes and caveats to the Participation and attainment in education and work dataset.
    • KPM 4(a) NAP Science Literacy: In 2018, the sample assessment in Science Literacy was extended to Year 10. As this was the first time Year 10 students were assessed in Science Literacy, some states/territories opted not to report their state/territory separately due to sample size restrictions. Australian results include all states. 
    • KPM 4(a) NAP Science Literacy: In 2018 the proficient standard for Year 6 was relabelled from "Level 3.2" to "Level 3". This did not change the proficient standard itself, and comparisons with previous years are valid.
    • Measures of statistical significance are not available for changes to KPMs relating to PISA, PIRLS and TIMSS. Comparisons with previous years are therefore not applicable (N/A).
    • Except for NAPLAN scaled scores, KPMs are expressed as percentages.
    • Data on some KPMs are not yet available for the latest calendar year.
    • For additional detail on the KPMs, including further disaggregations, please see other relevant data sets in the National Report on Schooling data portal.
    • For additional detail on NAPLAN results, international assessments, and sample assessments, please see the published reports for those assessments.
    • For the full list and schedule of the nationally agreed KPMs please see the Measurement Framework for Schooling in Australia.

User guide

Please refer to the user guide for information on how to use the data portal.


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