National Report on Schooling in Australia 2011

Part 6

Senior schooling and youth transitions


The national key performance measures (KPMs) for schooling, specified in the Measurement Framework for Schooling in Australia 2010, include measures for participation and attainment, including:
  • student enrolment and attendance at school

  • school completion and attainment

  • engagement of young people in vocational education and training (VET)

  • participation and attainment in education, training and employment.

The KPMs for the participation and attendance of students in primary and junior secondary school are reported in Part 4: Student participation, which also reports on apparent progression and apparent retention rates for secondary school students.
This section of the report deals with the participation and attainment of older students, including those in senior secondary school. For senior school students, it outlines participation in VET and the completion of secondary education (Year 12). It also deals with the participation of young people in education, training and work beyond school, and their attainments in post-school education and training.
These measures reflect the policy intent of the Melbourne Declaration to define educational goals, not just for school students, but for all young Australians, and the role of the National Report on Schooling in Australia as a comprehensive report on the outcomes of schooling.
VET engagement, participation and attainment are reported in terms of qualifications within the Australian Qualifications Framework (AQF). The AQF is the comprehensive national framework of qualifications in the school, VET and higher education sectors. It was first introduced in 1995 to underpin the national system of qualifications in Australia. The AQF was significantly revised in 2010 and the strengthened AQF First Edition was released in July 2011.
Qualifications within the AQF include:
  • Senior Secondary Certificates of Education issued by State and Territory school curriculum, assessment and certification authorities to students meeting requirements on completion of Year 12

  • VET qualifications at various certificate and diploma levels delivered by institutes of technical and further education (TAFEs) and other registered training organisations (RTOs)

  • higher education diplomas and degrees provided through Australian universities and other educational institutions.

Detailed information on qualification levels is contained in the Australian Qualifications Framework document.
The KPMs reported in this section indicate progress in achieving the Council of Australian Governments (COAG) agreed outcome in the National Education Agreement and the National Partnership Agreement on Youth Attainment and Transitions that young people make a successful transition from school to work and further study and progress towards the related COAG targets. They are also indicators of the success of Australian schooling in preparing and empowering young people to do so.