National Report on Schooling in Australia 2011

National policy context

1.2 Measuring performance

The Measurement Framework for Schooling in Australia

The Measurement Framework for Schooling in Australia 2010 provides the basis for national reporting on the performance of schooling in Australia, as agreed by Education Ministers, and is the focus of the statistical data included in this report.

The Measurement Framework 2010 defines the national key performance measures (KPMs), specifies the data sources for the key performance measures and outlines the reporting cycle for the period 2010–15. It replaces the MCEETYA Measurement Framework for National Key Performance Measures (2008).
The framework is maintained by the Australian Curriculum, Assessment and Reporting Authority (ACARA) on behalf of the Ministerial Council for Education, Early Childhood Development and Youth Affairs (MCEECDYA) and is published on the ACARA website. It will be revised by ACARA in consultation with jurisdictions and sectors. A full review of the framework will be undertaken by ACARA every three years, commencing in 2012.

Key performance measures

The core of the Measurement Framework is the Schedule of Key Performance Measures. By intent, these KPMs are:

  • strategic measures that provide nationally comparable data on aspects of performance critical to monitoring progress against the Melbourne Declaration

  • focused on student participation, achievement and attainment

  • based on sound and reliable assessment practice

  • supportive of open and transparent reporting

  • relevant and of interest to the public

  • cost effective, practical to collect, and take account of the burden and impact that data collection may place on students, schools and schooling systems.

Agreed areas

The agreed areas of performance monitoring for which KPMs have been developed are:
Student achievement in the National Assessment Program (NAP) in:
  • literacy

  • numeracy

  • science

  • civics and citizenship

  • information and communication technologies (ICT)

  • specified international assessments.

Student participation and attainment including:
  • school enrolment

  • student attendance

  • school completion and attainment

  • engagement of young people in vocational education and training (VET).

For national reporting purposes, measures of equity are derived by disaggregating KPMs for student achievement, participation and attainment by Indigenous status, sex, geolocation, socio-economic status and language background where it is possible and appropriate to do so.

Policy and reporting framework

The key national school education policy documents and reports including the Melbourne Declaration, the National Education Agreement, the Measurement Framework for Schooling in Australia and the National Report on Schooling in Australia relate to and reinforce each other. Their relationships and roles in policy formation, reporting, evaluation and review are summarised in Figure 1.1.

Figure 1.1 National school education policy and reporting framework
National school education policy and reporting fra
The Measurement Framework incorporates national key performance measures arising from the Melbourne Declaration goals and commitment to action and key performance measures reflecting COAG targets and indicators drawn from the performance reporting framework of the National Education Agreement.
The performance reporting framework of the NEA includes an annual national report on the outcomes of schooling in Australia (the National Report on Schooling) covering the Melbourne Declaration and the Measurement Framework. The Measurement Framework is included as a schedule of the NEA.
The National Report on Schooling reports on national initiatives and achievements arising from the Melbourne Declaration and is the main vehicle for reporting the key performance measures defined in the Measurement Framework.
The COAG Reform Council (CRC) reports publicly and to COAG on performance against the objective and outcomes of the NEA. CRC reports cover NEA targets and indicators which are also reflected in the KPMs in the Measurement Framework.